The Academy of Music Theatre was opened February 1, 1905, and over the next six years grew to become one of the most prominent and well-attended theatres in Central Virginia. In a typical week, the Academy presented as many as nine live events, ranging from individual artists to full musicals with casts of up to a hundred performers, to the popular silent films of the day.
The Academy of Music Theatre was originally built largely due to the efforts of Richard D. Apperson, owner of the Lynchburg Traction and Light Company. Apperson also became the Academy of Music’s first president. Because of his participation in the project, the theatre was the first public space in Lynchburg to have electricity.
The original theatre built in 1905 is not the version of the theatre we see today. That theatre sat on the same foundation (which was originally a tobacco warehouse). This theatre was smaller, had only one balcony, and was less ornate. In 1911, this version of the theatre was victim to a fire which damaged a substantial amount of the space and was subsequently closed for almost an entire year.
In 1912, local business leader Charles Guggenheimer and his assemblage of over twenty investors brought the theatre back to life. The repaired Academy of Music Theatre was reopened in 1912, thanks to the work of nationally renowned theatre designer, C.K. Howell of Richmond, VA, and was now more ornate and better lit.
The theatre continued to host notable actors and performers in the years that followed. However, as “show business” began to slowly die with the rising popularity of films, the theatre began to present fewer live performances and segued into primarily showing films.
A myriad of performers came through the venue at its height from 1905 through the 1920s. Among them included: George M. Cohan, Sarah Bernhardt, Paderewski, Pavlova, Mary Pickford, John Philip Sousa, John Drew, Will Rogers, Maude Adams, Douglas Fairbanks, The Ziegfeld Follies, Eubie Blake, Josephine Baker, and Bert Lahr.
When the theatre entered the 1930s, the venue began to decline. Through the years, people’s entertainment and shopping habits changed radically, affecting theatres and movie houses in cities across America. After fighting to remain open for several years, the theatre finally closed its doors in 1958, the last of the nine theatres Lynchburg used to boast.
As integration in Lynchburg did not occur until the 1960s, the theatre remained a segregated space, utilizing the upper balcony as the segregated seating area, from 1912 through the closure in 1958. The reopening of the theatre in 2018 was the first time that space was integrated, 60 years later.
Although the space was closed, the Lynchburg community did not let the venue die. In the 1970s, an effort was made to designated the theatre as a historic landmark, ensuring that the space could not be demolished by the city as many other historic theatres were. In the 1980s, the building was sold to Liberty University for its use, and then was resold to the Academy of Music Theatre non-profit organization in the 1990s. A merger of this group and the Fine Arts Center followed in 2003, renamed the Academy of Fine Arts, whom took ownership of the venue and area around it.
With ownership of the venue in hand, a grassroots fundraising campaign followed under the direction of the Academy of Fine Arts leadership and proud community supporters. About $16 million has been raised in previous campaigns, which funded the construction of the Warehouse Theatre in 2005, and a new fly tower and stage house for the Historic Theater in 2008 following. The final fundraising efforts of the campaign ultimately raised and advocated for the $30M used to restore and renovate the Historic Theatre to its current state seen today.
Renovations on the venue began in 2015 under the direction of CJMW and Jamerson-Lewis Construction. The Historic Academy Theatre was reopened on December 6, 2018, 60 years following its closure.
Opening week at the Academy was filled with events and performances that celebrated the restoration of the historic space. The week began with an evening of reflection and celebration of the theatre as a place where all are welcome, emceed by former NASA astronaut, Leland Melvin. The night began with the presentation of three awards recognizing the contributions of community members who have made invaluable contributions to arts and culture in Lynchburg. The concert portion of the evening that followed began with an opening performance by musician Devon Gilfillian. To end the night, Grammy award-winning R&B-gospel singer and civil rights activist Mavis Staples took the stage.
In addition to this evening, Opening Week activities also hosted performances by the Charlottesville Ballet, the Lynchburg Symphony Orchestra and Youth Orchestra, Jefferson Choral Society, Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest, Opera on the James, Endstation Theatre Company, and an evening of jazz with the Jazz at Lincoln Center Orchestra, headed by Wynton Marsalis.
The Historic Academy of Music Theatre will continue to provide the community with an incredible historic space in which to enjoy live performances, films, concerts, and more.